As discussed in part one of this blog series, forensic dentistry is a fundamental part of forensic science. Forensic dentists know as Odontologists, aid in the identification process of the deceased and the living. Part two of this blog will discuss bite mark analysis in the living in relation to crime solving, and with heroes who perish because of their high-risk career.
A bite mark is the pattern teeth make when they come together, also known as occlusion. Everyone has a unique bite which can be reproduced and compared. Criminals can be identified from the bite mark they’ve left on a victim. Additionally, high-risk employees such as military personnel, firefighters, police, EMT’s, and search and rescue teams usually have their bite registration on file in case of a deadly consequence. Their premortem and postmortem registration can be examined, and a positive ID made.
With criminal investigations, bite marks are left on victims in instances such as rape, homicide, assault, domestic violence, elder abuse, self-defense, and infanticide. The marks on the victim are compared with the suspect's bite registration for a positive ID. Odontologists commonly evaluate evidence, consult, and testify in court as an expert witness.
Some odontologists specialize in bite mark analysis and identification and must follow rigorous guidelines and standards for analysis developed by the American Board of Forensic Odontology (ABFO). Additional education, experience, and training are required as well as proficiency with digital imaging.